The NSA is to:

 Provide and revise land maps, aeronautical charts and other geographic materials. These may be in graphic or computer readable form.

 Define, publish and enforce national standards for all aerial photography, surveys and map production. 

 Establish and maintain.

 National geodetic control network
 Topographic database
 National geographic materials library
 National aerial photographs archive
 Depot to stock geographic materials

 Provide advice and survey support to the authorities engaged in the demarcation of the international boundaries of the Sultanate.

 Co-ordinate the tasking, acquisition and distribution of satellite imagery and remote sensing data, and establish and maintain a national archive of the materials from these sources.

 Organise the provision and distribution of geographic information required by the SAF.

 Establish and maintain liaison on geographic matters with international survey and mapping organisations, foreign government survey and mapping authorities, learned societies, universities and other training establishments.

 Support the hydrographic charting activities of the Royal Navy of Oman (RNO).

 Operate at all times in a cost-effective and business-like manner.